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EMT in brief

Efficient Environmental Inspection and Enforcement

EMT is a research program funded by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. The researchers in EMT have been picked for their expertise in their respective fields reflecting the interdisciplinary profile of this program. The researchers are affiliated to Stockholm University, the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Karolinska Institutet (KI) and the Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI).

The goals of the EMT program are to:

  • develop methodologies for environmental inspections
  • present a design for the organization of inspections
  • develop a system for measuring the effects of the inspections and enforcement, such that inspections and enforcement are carried out in the most efficient way

The program focuses on the role of environmental protection inspectors and the transmission of information regarding the activities of individuals and firms that are regulated by the environmental code. EMT is divided into three work packages (WPs) addressing the following issues;

  • the methodology of inspections (WP1),
  • the institutional design of the inspection process (WP2) and
  • the measurement of the efficiency of environmental inspections and enforcement (WP3).

WP1 deals with the communicative interaction between the inspector and the firm that is inspected. The goal is to develop a communicative methodology such that information is transferred in an efficient way and compliant behaviour is reinforced.

WP2 focuses on the institutional framework, within which the inspector is operating. Here, it is crucial to analyse the role of informational asymmetries and incentives. The goal is to develop an institutional design that gives the inspector the correct incentives and support to carry out the tasks of informing, monitoring and inspecting firms, and enforcing environmental legislation.

WP3 addresses the issue of establishing a system making the measurement of the effects of inspections and enforcement possible. Today, no such information system exists at the national level in Sweden. The goal is to prototype an information system that measures the effects of environmental inspections and enforcement, thereby making it possible for the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency to follow up on and coordinate environmental inspection and enforcement activities in Sweden, such that a higher degree of legal security and consistency can be achieved. Moreover, the prototype for the information system is also intended to support authorities and inspectors.

For further information

  • Adam Jacobsson, Head of program, Stockholm University, Department of Economics,
    +46 8 16 17 56,
  • Mathias Herzing, Head of program, Stockholm University, Department of Economics,
    +46 8 16 30 43,
  • Eva-Maria Jacobsson, Communications, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH),
    School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC)
    + 46 8 790 92 83, +46 70 561 02 90,